Black Panther: Fun Facts For Kids, Picture Books For Kids If there's one animal that goes by different names around the world, it's the black panther. In the Americas, these big cats often go by the names jaguar, cougar and panther. Asia and Africa on the other hand, simply call them panthers. Black panthers belong to a group of big cats called Panthera. Since the Panthera species is composed of different cats, each cat has slight differences from others. The most striking features black panthers have that make them unique from the rest of the cats of the Panthera species are their shiny black coats and their gleaming yellow eyes. In fact, the term "black panther" refers to all members of the Panthera species with black coats.